• Coming to Terms with the Humanitarian Imperative in Iraq (01 Jan 2007)

    Summary of forthcoming study on perceptions of humanitarian needs and activities in Iraq.

    Based on interviews with Iraqis, and with NGO workers in Iraq, carried out Oct-Dec 2006 by Iraqi researchers for the Feinstein International Center, Tufts University (USA).

    Findings include:

    • Blurred distinctions between military, political, commercial and humanitarian actors: "Our fieldwork in different regions of Iraq confirms that it is now often virtually impossible for Iraqis (and sometimes for humanitarian professionals) to distinguish between the roles and activities of local and international actors, including military forces, political actors and other authorities, for-profit contractors, international NGOs, local NGOs and UN agencies."

    • the only exceptions to this (and to the relative lack of aid providers' openness and transparency) were local religious charities and mosques, although these were also subject to some pressure from parties and militias.

    • importance of perceived neutrality of aid providers. "Neutrality is not an abstract notion in Iraq. Our research indicates an acute readiness among Iraqis to distinguish between aid providers that have taken sides, and those that have not; however, readiness does not necessarily equate to ability."

    • Decline of 'neutral' aid funding: "important sources of “neutral” funding fell off sharply in mid-2005....Our interviews with a range of humanitarian organizations still operational inside Iraq indicate that since the escalation of inter-communal violence sparked by the Samarah Mosque bombing in February 2006, bilateral donors and ECHO have generally been unresponsive and resistant to operational innovations on the ground."

    • Declining security situation in centre/south in recent months, accompanied by increasing secrecy and uncertainty amongst aid providers, which hampers their operational effectiveness and their transparency

  • Global Policy Forum Iraq Section

    Fairly extensive web resource collecting links, news articles and analysis on a variety of aspects of the situation in Iraq, including: Post-War Iraq, Occupation and Rule in Iraq, Corporate Contracts, Reconstruction of Iraq, Development Fund for Iraq, Humanitarian Crisis, Justifications for War, Oil in Iraq, Iraq Tribunal, War and International Law, Consequences of the War and Movement Against the War and Occupation.

  • International Freedom of Expression eXchange (IFEX)

    IFEX is a global network of non-governmental organisations that monitors press freedom and freedom of expression violations in Iraq and other countries. Circulates alerts and reports on cases involving journalists killed, threatened or detained in the line of duty.

  • Amnesty International
    • Amnesty International Report 2006: Iraq Overview (23 May 2006)

      The Amnetsy Internaltional 2006 Report covers events from January to December 2005.

      Both the US-led Multinational Force (MNF) and Iraqi security forces committed grave human rights violations, including torture and ill-treatment, arbitrary detention without charge or trial, and excessive use of force resulting in civilian deaths. Armed groups fighting against the MNF and the Iraqi government were responsible for grave human rights abuses, including the deliberate killing of thousands of civilians in bomb and other attacks, hostage-taking and torture. Dozens of people were sentenced to death by criminal courts and at least three were executed. Former President Saddam Hussain and seven others were brought to trial. Women and girls continued to be harassed and lived in fear as a result of the continuing lack of security.

    • Amnesty Report on Iraqi Special Tribunals (13 May 2005)

      Report title: "Iraqi Special Tribunal-Fair trials not guaranteed" (thorough and fairly exhaustive critique of the Iraqi Special Tribunals)

    • Amnesty International Iraq pages
    • Amnesty International Report 2004
  • Committee to Protect Journalists
    • CPJ: 'Government instructs media to promote leadership's positions' (12 Nov 2004)

      "The Committee to Protect Journalists is deeply disturbed by a new directive from Iraqi authorities that warns news organizations to reflect the government's positions in their reporting or face unspecified action. " See also Al Jazeera's reporting: "Iraq's media regulator has warned news organisations to stick to the government line on the US-led attack in Falluja or face legal action."

  • Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
  • International Crisis Group
    • Reconstructing Iraq (02 Sept 2004)

      Report by the International Crisis Group, outlining the economic problems caused by the Baathist heritage, security problems, lack of CPA planning, and short-termism caused by the hastening of the timetable for the transfer of power. Worries that the limited legitimacy of the interim government will restrain it from making broad economic changes, and sets out an economic agenda for the Iraqi government and the international community. Full report available in pdf and MS Word formats, and in Arabic

    • Iraq's Kurds: towards an historic compromise? (08 Apr 2004)

      Report from the International Crisis Group, analysing Kurdish demands for autonomy and the disputes surrounding Kirkuk. Full report available in pdf and MS Word formats, and in Arabic

  • International Save the Children Alliance
    • Jubilee Iraq

      An organisation campaigning for debt reduction.

      • Refugees International
        • Reporters Without Borders